Cones - truly unique natural material suitable for creativity. He enjoys the greatest popularity among children of school and pre-school age, but it is often possible to find crafts made from cones and from serious craftsmen and designers. With the help of cones, you can make a beautiful souvenir gift, decoration for the garden and garden and simply transform the interior, creating a mood for him. All that is needed for this is fantasy and, of course, the bumps and other additional materials themselves.
Introduction to the material
To achieve a better result, before you start creating crafts from cones and chestnut, you need to familiarize yourself with the material. To study its properties. To do this, simply walk through the woods, in the country or in the park and gather up the cones fallen from the trees.
Compared with other materials, crafts from pine cones are distinguished by their environmental friendliness. They have a pleasant pine aroma. In addition, you can collect them for free, which is an indisputable advantage in the manufacture of Christmas tree toys, souvenirs, handicrafts.
To achieve the best result, before you start making beautiful crafts from cones, you need to familiarize yourself with their other properties. The main one is the variability of the form.
Change the shape of the bumps
Depending on the ambient temperature (season of the year), the cones are able to change their shape. In the cold they close, in the heat they open. If you have only open cones in your presence, and the necessary ones are closed (or vice versa), then it is not necessary to wait for the change of season or stray through the forest in search of the necessary, ideal form. You can change it yourself. For this:
- Choose any cedar or pine cone.
- Prepare a container of warm water.
- Dip the bumps in it for 1-5 hours (depending on the quality of the material used and the temperature of the water).
- As soon as the "feathers" become flexible, it is necessary to remove the cone from the water.
- Give it the desired shape, secure with a string or rubber band.
- Dry until completely dry at room temperature.
So you can give the bump the shape you need. It is not necessary to close or open the "feathers" trite. You can give them an unusual position, appearance.
Fixing the shape of the bumps
So that later (after making crafts) the bumps do not begin to deform, you can fix their shape. For this you need:
- Choose a bump of the required shape.
- Dip it in a warm solution of wood glue for 30 seconds.
- Remove and dry naturally.
The procedure does not affect the appearance of the material. But after it, the bump is not threatened by any deformation and fluctuations in the ambient temperature - all crafts from natural material will remain as you conceived them.
The most simple are crafts from cones for children. For their manufacture requires a minimum of materials (including additional), and the process itself will not take much time - an important fact when working together adults with children. Some do not have time to get tired, while others - to miss.
The first thing to do is to decide on the type of work. Will it be a figurine, a toy (from whole cones) or a three-dimensional picture (from peeled cones) using herbarium, sparkles, etc.
Simple crafts from the cones will help the child to become better acquainted with the outside world, learn how to work with natural materials, create something new.
Volumetric pictures, crafts from cones and leaves are considered one of the most simple. For manufacturing, it is necessary to prepare the base on which the image will be glued. It is best to use cardboard or other thick material for this.
You can stick colored paper on thick cardboard, paint it with paints, felt-tip pens or pencils. Crafts from cones and acorns in the form of voluminous paintings are especially popular not only among beginners, but also professional craftsmen.
Before work should make a sketch of the picture. Draw an owl (if necessary, you can use ready-made images from the Internet). To determine the position of the bird and its location in the picture: in the center, on the side, on the branch, in flight, etc.
For the manufacture of three-dimensional picture crafts from fir cones "owl" you will need:
- Several pine cones.
- Paints, felt-tip pens, pencils, glitters, dry leaves or acorns.
- PVA glue.
- Thick A4 cardboard.
First, you should accurately mark the outline of the owl directly on the working basis - a previously prepared background, but it is not necessary to paint it in advance. You can do it later.
Next, you need to split several cones into individual components. After that, immediately sort the received materials as you see fit. For example, the length of the "feathers" or their color.
For convenience, the following will be described a method of making crafts "owl" in full face (when the bird looks directly at the viewer).
Body and wings
Before you make the body of an owl, you must carefully study the pictures of birds, the location of feathers. After that, equal-sized “feathers” of peeled cones are taken and laid out vertically strictly in several rows to the very bottom (legs).
Similarly, but wings spread out to the sides a little (they can be opened or folded behind the back).
At this stage it is important to ensure that the feathers are lush. For this, only one part of the pen is glued, the second remains raised, thus creating a volume.
Owls eyes - the most important stage in the manufacture of crafts from cones with their own hands. They should be moderately large and located exactly in the center. You can make them out of clay, and then place them next to each other, leaving no gap between them.
Like big eyes, the beak can be made of plasticine or cones. So that it does not merge with the rest of the head and does not "disappear", it will be necessary to paint it in a color that stands out from the main color of the bird.
Feathers are laid out in a circle. Here you need to glue them tightly to the paper so that each feather is tightly pressed. Optionally, you can make small ears, as in some species of owls.
If you depict a bird that sits on a branch (which is long enough), then to make the owl's claws, it is enough to take three feather cones and stick them vertically.
If necessary, the owl can be painted, varnished or sparkles, decorate the background with leaves. On it the hand-made article is considered finished.
Children's crafts from the cones can not always boast of their naturalness, but this does not mean that this should be neglected. It is important that the child understands the line between truth and fiction. Especially if the main purpose of making crafts from cones and clay is to study the animal world.
Crafts from whole cones
Toys from whole cones can be both large and small (for example, a small suspension). To do this, the cones can be glued together, stitched with a needle with threads or, on the contrary, cut with a clerical knife.
Do not forget that cones can be combined with each other. Combining several, you can get a funny snake or a train.
The most popular and at the same time light object that can be made from a single cone is an ordinary hedgehog.
The simplest forest cone handicraft is a hedgehog. For its manufacture will need:
- One half open lump (body).
- Colored cardboard or thick paper (muzzle).
- PVA glue.
- Spangles, paints, markers.
- Clay (for stand or face hedgehog).
The first thing to do - stand, which will be a hedgehog. It is best to use plasticine for this. This may be ordinary legs or more complex stand in the form of a “background” (grass, stump, on which the hedgehog, house, etc.) sits.
It is important that at this stage the child showed his imagination and decided how it will be better. Here you should not indulge in naturalism. Hedgehog can have a humanoid shape.
There is nothing wrong if a child decides to give him a sitting person’s posture or comes up with something completely unusual.
If the shape of the bumps does not meet the requirements, then it can be changed, cut with scissors or snatch the extra "feathers" with forceps.
Next is the muzzle. It can be drawn on top of a bump with paint or felt-tip pen, cut out of paper and stick, make from plasticine.
On this hack the hedgehog from the cones is considered finished. Additionally, you can decorate the back of the animal with leaves, sparkles, paint the "needles" in an unusual color.
Similar to a hedgehog, you can make a mouse, a penguin and other animals. As a rule, the lump is taken as the basis (body), onto which wings, legs, ears, head and other parts of the body are attached with glue.
If the child does not know what can be made from the cones, then offer to portray the favorite animal, the cartoon character. Do not be limited to banal ideas. From the cones you can make a machine, men, snowman.
Due to the fact that the lump itself is light, crafts are often used as a replacement for Christmas tree toys. To do this, they can be decorated with snow, painted in red and gold colors, covered with sparkles.
So, to imitate snow crafts can be decorated with cotton wool, which is gently inserted between the feathers. The finished toy will be the perfect decoration for the garden, garden or home.