Repair is not an easy process, requiring not only high energy consumption and financial investments, but also excellent knowledge in the process itself and in building materials. If we talk about flooring, the variety, which is presented today in stores, is simply enormous. We will not consider all floor coverings; we’ll dwell only on linoleum, which for many years has remained the choice of millions.
Why linoleum remains the leader of sales?
What are the advantages of linoleum over other coatings:
- the cost is significantly lower than other flooring;
- laying of this covering takes incomparably less time;
- variety of color palette and texture;
- dismantling linoleum also takes a minimum of time.
Thus, since the advantages of this coating are indisputable, linoleum is acquired everywhere.
What linoleum choose?
Before you lay linoleum with your own hands, we recommend that you decide on the choice of material. It is necessary to take into account the composition, base, coating, degree of strength and other indicators. Based on this we can distinguish several of the most famous types of linoleum.
Polyvinyl chloride linoleum
The composition of this flooring includes various additives, due to which linoleum becomes more elastic and durable. It is produced with different bases: woven, non-woven, foamed. On sale there are single-layer and multilayer rolls. The base and several layers contribute to the increase in heat and sound insulation.
Advantages of this material: quick styling, a large selection of colors, anti-static and moisture resistance.
The disadvantages of this material: it is extremely resistant to temperature changes, the effects of fat, alkali and solvents.
Rubber linoleum or relin
The basis of this material is synthetic rubber. Relin is double-layered and single-layered. This flooring is used in rooms with high levels of humidity.
Advantages of this material: very elastic and durable, stable in operation, durable and successfully combined with various bases, perfectly retains heat.
Cons: low environmental friendliness, subject to rapid fire and is not resistant to solvents.
Kolloksilinovy linoleum or nitrocellulose
The basis of this type of linoleum is colloxylin in combination with various stabilizers, fillers and dyes.
The advantages of this material: flexibility and moisture resistance.
Cons: high level of heat conduction, risk of fire, exposed to solvents, alkalis, acids. Laying this material requires a well-prepared base.
Glyphthalic linoleum or alkyd
This type of linoleum is the most eco-friendly of all presented above. The basis of this material is alkyd resin in combination with fillers.
Pros: a huge selection of colors and a variety of patterns, good insulation and sound insulation.
Cons: exposed to temperature changes.
Once you have managed to make a choice, you can go to the next step and find out if linoleum can be laid right away on the day of purchase.
Having made a purchase, do not rush to immediately begin its installation.
The material must spend the day in the unfolded form, it is necessary for the linoleum to take the shape of a room and get used to room temperature - all this guarantees easier installation.
It is important to know that the optimum temperature in this case should not be below 18 ° C, the humidity should not exceed 65%. It should be understood that fluctuations in temperature and humidity will adversely affect the physical characteristics of the material.
Now about how to lay linoleum. To begin, you will need to cut the material with a special knife with interchangeable blades. To date, there are 2 ways in which it is possible to lay linoleum on the floor: with and without glue.
This method requires you to have glue and mastic. The process itself is as follows:
- spread out the material around the room, with the help of a knife remove the excess;
- peeling back one of the sides, abundantly apply glue;
- gently spread linoleum, tightly pressed to the floor;
- do the same with the rest;
- in the presence of a joint, the use of double-sided adhesive tape is recommended, which should cover the entire length of the joint, after which we carefully glue the halves together, pressing them as closely as possible to each other;
- upon completion, it is necessary to glue all the existing seams and leave the linoleum to dry for several days, after which the new coating will be ready for use.
It is important to know that the hitch may be better if the base is pre-soaked with a primer. A small spatula is used to apply the glue; a wide spatula is needed to smooth the surface. Begin the process, as a rule, from the corner located opposite the entrance.
This method is good when you do not plan large loads on the floor, and also on the condition that the fabric of the selected linoleum is ideal or slightly larger than the covered area.
Direct styling is as follows:
- it is necessary to cut the canvas in such a way that the overlap on the walls is not less than 5 cm;
- With the help of double-sided tape, we mark the perimeter of the room, we lay the canvas on top;
- in order to properly smooth the canvas, it is necessary to move from the center to the walls, in addition, one should make cuts in the corners for a tight connection with the walls;
- after you have managed to smooth out the canvas carefully, you should glue the edge of linoleum to the previously prepared adhesive tape;
- control fixing is done with the help of a plinth, which should fit snugly to the wall.
Regardless of which method is preferable to you, it is also important to know about the nuances that may depend on the base.
How to lay linoleum on a wooden floor?
Laying linoleum on a wooden floor is not difficult, you only need to level the floor, if necessary, replace the old boards with new ones. And now more about the process itself:
- carry out a thorough inspection of the wooden floor: each floorboard must fit snugly to the other, any squeaks and bumps are excluded, if they are found, preliminary work is needed to replace the wooden floor;
- if there are gaps between the old floorboards and the floor does not creak or fall, then it is enough to use a putty to eliminate the gaps;
- to create a perfectly level floor, sometimes additional materials are used to create the flooring. To do this, the wooden floor is covered with sheets of plywood or fiberboard, which are neatly attached to wooden boards with self-tapping screws at a distance of 40 cm.
How to lay linoleum on a concrete floor?
Laying on concrete is much easier than on wooden floors. Most importantly, the floor surface should be completely flat and dry. The styling process is as follows:
- previously it is recommended to completely remove the old coating;
- it is required to inspect the concrete surface, if irregularities are found, then it is recommended to use screeds to completely level the floors;
- if the irregularities are significant, then the old ties should be replaced with new ones;
- lay linoleum with glue or glue-free way;
- laying under linoleum substrate is recommended for additional thermal insulation.
Now you know what linoleum is better to lay in the kitchen with a concrete floor or in any other room, because the choice of material is very dependent on the loads and frequency of operation. Linoleum in the kitchen should be durable and environmentally friendly.
Before laying linoleum on a warm floor, you need to know that when heated, some types of linoleum can release hazardous substances, and some may not be resistant to temperature changes, so you should be very careful when choosing linoleum for a warm floor.
In general, laying linoleum does not take much time and money, but to avoid any unpleasant moments, we recommend that you carefully prepare for repair. Having specified all the nuances, you can safely get to work.