Carved lace platbands on the windows we strongly associate with Russian folk art. Traditionally, Russian people decorated their homes in affordable ways. The most common of these is wood carving. Not a single house was complete without carved decorations. They were performed in two techniques: deaf carving and openwork. The first view was previously a rarity because of complexity (it was performed directly on the log), and now even more so - it is almost never encountered.
Another thing - openwork carving. It has become an integral part of Russian wooden architecture. Carved platbands on the windows in a wooden house were ordered not only by nobles and rich people. Simple peasant huts were sometimes decorated no less fancy. The flowering of this type of folk art came in the XVII-XVIII centuries, it was from that time that most of the wooden art monuments reached us. As, for example, the reconstruction of the wooden palace of Alexei Mikhailovich in Kolomenskoye.
Each region, province, or province has unique techniques and methods of threading. You will never confuse houses with platbands and other decorative elements near Yaroslavl with village izba Nizhny Novgorod region. In any performance, windows with carved platbands make the house more airy and weightless. The elegant carving facilitates the squat look of a rustic log house. Depending on the art masters sometimes at home look like works of art.
Although initially the doormakers had a completely different function: they closed the gap between the window and the window opening, it saved heat in the house and protected rain from the cracks, small debris, which over time can lead to rotting or mold. In the subsequent began to be designated the advantages which are not connected with practical use of cash cops. Now these advantages can be attributed to a purely aesthetic:
- The name "platband" speaks for itself, because it was located "on the face" of the house. That is, on the part of the house that went outside. Beautiful platbands emphasized the individuality of the owners, their taste and wealth. Please note that in those village houses where the trim plates are preserved, their absence from the butt or behind the house is striking. Although the usual overhead wooden planks are available for practicality.
- When decorating windows, carved cashing can visually enlarge a squat house or pull it up. The air lace of wooden windows and the whole house creates an atmosphere of weightlessness, hiding the heavy construction of the rustic hut.
- Now when the main directions of wooden architecture of different countries in different eras are known, a certain style can be created.
- You can harmoniously use carving to combine buildings, even the fence on the site into a single ensemble.
- In some cases, when making a wooden house, only wooden trim panels will be the only design option.
For a long time, when the villagers sought to the city, and in the cities the private sector was torn down, the trimmers went out of fashion for a long time. If houses were built, they were mostly brick or frame-filling. There was nothing "superfluous" in them, much less carving.
They tried to make the house faster and cheaper. Now the general trend is very similar, but the fashion for everything Russian has somewhat changed the character of the buildings. Many began to put log houses and decorate them as before.
Carved home decorations
With the fashion on the house from the bar came the fashion for carved decorations at home. Previously, carving was applied to each element of the house. Eaves, shutters, pillars, decorative balusters and supports could be decorated with carving.
It has long been the ridge, which is located at the junction of two slopes of the roof, decorated with a wooden sculpture of a horse, rooster or other bird. Another decoration for the roof is the porches that, with an openwork pattern, come down and decorate the massive ends of the logs that hold the roof.
Like a lace, the cornice is decorated with a carved board - a frieze, at the edges of which beautiful carved towels hang, or in another way “earrings”, fenders. Descending from them downward, the gaze lingers on carved platbands.
They are mounted in two ways:
- Inlay. Such platbands are mounted on glue or nails and called overhead.
- Telescopic method. Installing this way, you need to be prepared for installation difficulties, but the result will please more. In the groove of the box they drive the "beak", which is made on the platband in the form of a protrusion.
Nowadays, those who are going to decorate their home with carvings, often stops on trim, because they catch the eye with their beauty. It is very important that at the same time folk traditions are revived.
The casing consists of the following parts:
- carved kokoshnik, which is located above the window;
- vertically arranged slats;
- towels that are under the windows.
These names, as well as the methods of their manufacture, are traditionally Russian. One feels that they are not one hundred years old. There are additional details with the same names: diadems, hangers, valances, crackers.
If you put the trim on the windows of your house, it will give the house a national flavor and express its individuality. Decorative whimsically matching patterns used to have applied value, now it is just a decorative element. Everyone can choose a pattern not only to your taste, but also taking into account the style of the site and buildings located on it.
The most common ornaments in carved platbands are plant. Russian masters in their desire to capture the grass, flowers and leaves reached tangible heights in their skill. Until now, we find houses with similar ornaments on the windows. And we can admire the carved windows, which are more than half a century.
Very often found platbands with geometric threads. It is believed that this is one of the most ancient types of home decoration. Before mastering the floral ornament, woodworkers carved diamonds, squares, or triangles on the platbands.
Sometimes with the help of the pattern on the frames are created the plot paintings. Every element, every detail emphasizes the attitude of the owner to the world around. Their meaning is interpreted as follows:
- if at the exterior decoration of the house the wing symbol was cut out, then they would like to emphasize strength;
- bird means the source of the union of different times;
- the sun personified life;
- the snake image was interpreted as a desire for wisdom;
- the cross is a Christian symbol of spiritual rebirth;
- the vegetation was personified by admiring the human being by nature, striving to capture the speed of passing beauty for a whole year.
In addition, it is sometimes possible to guess geese, swans, horses, deer, and other wild and domestic birds and animals in winding threads.
The carved frame of windows is carried out mainly of wood. First of all, use wood of those tree species that are least affected by temperature, humidity, and other atmospheric influences. However, each tree has its advantages and disadvantages. Below are the most common types of trees that are used to make the trim house.
The most suitable material for carving. The linden is soft and pliable, with its help it is possible to embody any fantasy, but the platbands are almost never made from it. It is not suitable for cashing at home for the reason that it easily absorbs moisture and is not suitable for those products that are on the street. Sometimes the masters take on such work, but it takes a lot of time to thoroughly process the wood from moisture. Another disadvantage of lime is not strong enough.
Its strength is used by using aspen as the arms of agricultural implements, other household items, for example, axes were made of this wood. Aspen is not afraid of cold, high humidity.
Aspen products retain in the open air all their positive properties: high elasticity (aspen beams do not bend and have a small weight), resistance to wormhole and rotting. Unfortunately, aspen is a very raw tree, and it is difficult to achieve conditions for its drying, therefore its products are not cheap.
She is loved not only because this tree is a symbol of Russia. Firstly, its wood is classified as non-nuclear, which means that the inner and outer parts of the cut do not differ from each other in color.
Another plus for the characteristics of wood: almost imperceptible rings. The wood has a uniform white color with a slight shade. Birch is amenable to processing and practically does not crack when dried.
In the open air without careful treatment, birch rots quickly. Therefore, in the manufacture of casings requires special and multi-stage processing of the finished product.
This material easily withstands all atmospheric phenomena, but is unsuitable for carving because of its fragility.
Its wood is durable and hard. Products made of oak bend well, so barrels, tubs, runners, and rims were made of it. Oak is resistant to moisture. Oak is hard to cut, but is still used to make carved parts. True, to see carved oak windows is a rarity.
Pine has a fairly high strength, easy to handle. During drying is not prone to cracking. Due to its exceptional resistance to atmospheric conditions, pine is used both for interior work (floor boards, windows, ceilings, floors, railings) and for exterior decoration. This is a good choice for doing the ribs.
She has brightly colored wood. It is remarkable, as a linden, is cut due to its softness. Also well polished and amenable to processing. Another plus - the alder does not crack when dried.
The wood of this tree is not inferior to oak in hardness. But on the other physico-mechanical characteristics even surpasses it. Today it is one of the most fashionable representatives of wood for interior decoration of rooms, carved furniture, railings and parquet. Due to its properties, ash is a suitable material for making carved platbands on the windows of a house.
Beech is very similar in its characteristics to oak and ash. It also bends well, so it is suitable for the production of curved furniture, stairs, railings. The strength of beech wood is almost the same as oak. True, the ability to decay is inferior. Beech also does not like high humidity. In the case when the frames are made of beech, they are treated with special compositions at least twice.
As we see, there is a large selection of different types of wood, which in varying degrees are suitable for the manufacture of carved platbands. There are those that are convenient in processing, but are used only indoors. Others do well with loads in the form of precipitation and frost, but they are not easy to cut or dry.